Three Ravens, The

Three Ravens, The
(ca. 15th century)
   The Three Ravens is one of the best known of the English and Scottish popular BALLADS of the late Middle Ages. It may be one of the earliest extant ballads, though it was first printed only in Thomas Ravencroft’s Melismata (1611). In any case the apparent metamorphosis of the lover into a doe is characteristic of ancient songs (Morgan 1996, 119). The ballad is an analogue to The Twa Corbies and some believe also to the CORPUS CHRISTI CAROL. The formation of such analogues is easy to understand when one takes into account the oral tradition of balladry. There is argument as to whether The Twa Corbies or The Three Ravens is the earlier of the two ballads. It now appears that the more cynical Twa Corbies was the original and The Three Ravens may be aristocratic adaptation.
   Like many ballads the main image of The Three Ravens is tragic. Three Ravens discuss what they are going to have for breakfast. One spies a fallen knight that lies under his shield.Another raven notices that the knight’s hawk and hound protect him. A pregnant deer buries the knight and dies that evening of a broken heart. Most commentators assume that the doe is the knight’s lover, transformed into a deer.
   Other interpretations of the poem have suggested that the knight is Christ and the deer the bride of Christ, the Christian soul. Another suggestion is that the knight is the Maimed King, of the Grail tradition. Certainly much is made in the poem of the knight’s bloody wounds, kissed by the doe. There may be an allusion in this to the Eucharist, the consumption of the body and blood of Christ. This is the chief aspect of the poem that connects it to the Corpus Christi Carol.
   Bibliography
   ■ Child, Francis James, ed. The English and Scottish Popular Ballads. New York: Cooper Square, 1965.
   ■ Morgan, Gwendolyn A., ed, and trans. Medieval Ballads: Chivalry, Romance, and Everyday Life: A Critical Anthology. New York: Peter Lang, 1996.
   Malene A. Little

Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Three Ravens — “The Three Ravens” (Roud [http://library.efdss.org/cgi bin/query.cgi?cross=off index roud=on query=5 field=20 5] ) is a folk ballad, printed in the song book Melismata [cite book author = Thomas Ravenscroft, William Ravenscroft title = Melismata… …   Wikipedia

  • The Three Ravens — Три ворона (англ. The Three Ravens) народная баллада, напечатанная в песеннике Melismata [1], и опубликованная в 1611 году, но, возможно, существовавшая и ранее. Известны более новые варианты (с другой мелодией) вплоть до XIX века. Содержание 1… …   Википедия

  • Three Ravens — Три ворона (англ. The Three Ravens) народная баллада, напечатанная в песеннике Melismata [1], и опубликованная в 1611 году, но, возможно, существовавшая и ранее. Известны более новые варианты (с другой мелодией) вплоть до XIX века. Содержание 1… …   Википедия

  • The Twelve Brothers — ( de. Die zwölf Brüder) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 9. [Jacob and Wilheim Grimm, Grimm s Fairy Tales , [http://www.pitt.edu/ dash/grimm009.html The Twelve Brothers] ] Andrew Lang included it in The Red… …   Wikipedia

  • The Edge Chronicles —   Author(s) Paul Stewart Ill …   Wikipedia

  • The Raven (Brothers Grimm) — The Raven is a fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, number 93 in their collections.It is Aarne Thompson type 401, the girl transformed into an animal.ynopsisA queen wished her naughty daughter would turn into a raven and fly away, so she… …   Wikipedia

  • The Wardstone Chronicles — 200px The Spook s Apprentice The Spook s Curse The Spook s Secret The Spook s Battle The Spook s Mistake The Spook s Sacrifice The Spook s Nightmare The Spook s Destiny The Spook s Blood Author …   Wikipedia

  • The Six Swans — is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm. [Jacob and Wilheim Grimm, Grimm s Fairy Tales , [http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/authors/grimms/49sixswans.html The Six Swans] ] It is tale number 49, and Aarne Thompson type 451, the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Jim Henson Hour — was a short lived television series that aired on NBC in 1989. It was developed as a showcase for The Jim Henson Company s various puppet creations, including the popular Muppet characters. Format The Jim Henson Hour was modeled after the old… …   Wikipedia

  • The Grimleys — is a nostalgic comedy drama television series set on a council estate in Dudley, West Midlands, England in the mid 1970s. It was first broadcast by Granada TV for ITV in 1999, following a pilot in 1997, and concluded in 2001 after three… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”